RTNETLINK

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 2014-09-06
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NAME

rtnetlink - macros to manipulate rtnetlink messages  

SYNOPSIS

#include <asm/types.h>
#include <linux/netlink.h>
#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>

rtnetlink_socket = socket(AF_NETLINK, int socket_type, NETLINK_ROUTE);

int RTA_OK(struct rtattr *rta, int rtabuflen);

void *RTA_DATA(struct rtattr *rta);

unsigned int RTA_PAYLOAD(struct rtattr *rta);

struct rtattr *RTA_NEXT(struct rtattr *rta, unsigned int rtabuflen);

unsigned int RTA_LENGTH(unsigned int length);

unsigned int RTA_SPACE(unsigned int length);  

DESCRIPTION

All rtnetlink(7) messages consist of a netlink(7) message header and appended attributes. The attributes should be manipulated only using the macros provided here.

RTA_OK(rta, attrlen) returns true if rta points to a valid routing attribute; attrlen is the running length of the attribute buffer. When not true then you must assume there are no more attributes in the message, even if attrlen is nonzero.

RTA_DATA(rta) returns a pointer to the start of this attribute's data.

RTA_PAYLOAD(rta) returns the length of this attribute's data.

RTA_NEXT(rta, attrlen) gets the next attribute after rta. Calling this macro will update attrlen. You should use RTA_OK to check the validity of the returned pointer.

RTA_LENGTH(len) returns the length which is required for len bytes of data plus the header.

RTA_SPACE(len) returns the amount of space which will be needed in a message with len bytes of data.  

CONFORMING TO

These macros are nonstandard Linux extensions.  

BUGS

This manual page is incomplete.  

EXAMPLE

Creating a rtnetlink message to set the MTU of a device:

#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>

...

struct {
    struct nlmsghdr  nh;
    struct ifinfomsg if;
    char             attrbuf[512]; } req;

struct rtattr *rta; unsigned int mtu = 1000;

int rtnetlink_sk = socket(AF_NETLINK, SOCK_DGRAM, NETLINK_ROUTE);

memset(&req, 0, sizeof(req)); req.nh.nlmsg_len = NLMSG_LENGTH(sizeof(struct ifinfomsg)); req.nh.nlmsg_flags = NLM_F_REQUEST; req.nh.nlmsg_type = RTM_NEWLINK; req.if.ifi_family = AF_UNSPEC; req.if.ifi_index = INTERFACE_INDEX; req.if.ifi_change = 0xffffffff; /* ??? */ rta = (struct rtattr *)(((char *) &req) +
                         NLMSG_ALIGN(req.nh.nlmsg_len)); rta->rta_type = IFLA_MTU; rta->rta_len = RTA_LENGTH(sizeof(unsigned int)); req.nh.nlmsg_len = NLMSG_ALIGN(req.nh.nlmsg_len) +
                              RTA_LENGTH(sizeof(mtu)); memcpy(RTA_DATA(rta), &mtu, sizeof(mtu)); send(rtnetlink_sk, &req, req.nh.nlmsg_len, 0);  

SEE ALSO

netlink(3), netlink(7), rtnetlink(7)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 4.15 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONFORMING TO
BUGS
EXAMPLE
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

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Time: 23:07:14 GMT, September 21, 2018