#include <stdlib.h> int mkstemp(char *template); int mkostemp(char *template, int flags); int mkstemps(char *template, int suffixlen); int mkostemps(char *template, int suffixlen, int flags);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
mkstemps(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
The last six characters of template must be "XXXXXX" and these are replaced with a string that makes the filename unique. Since it will be modified, template must not be a string constant, but should be declared as a character array.
The file is created with permissions 0600, that is, read plus write for owner only. The returned file descriptor provides both read and write access to the file. The file is opened with the open(2) O_EXCL flag, guaranteeing that the caller is the process that creates the file.
The mkostemp() function is like mkstemp(), with the difference that flags as for open(2) may be specified in flags (e.g., O_APPEND, O_SYNC).
The mkstemps() function is like mkstemp(), except that the string in template contains a suffix of suffixlen characters. Thus, template is of the form prefixXXXXXXsuffix, and the string XXXXXX is modified as for mkstemp().
The mkostemps() function is to mkstemps() as mkostemp() is to mkstemp().
For mkstemps() and mkostemps(): template is less than (6 + suffixlen) characters long, or the last 6 characters before the suffix in template were not XXXXXX.
These functions may also fail with any of the errors described for open(2).
mkstemps(): unstandardized, but appears on several other systems.
mkostemp() and mkostemps(): are glibc extensions.
More generally, the POSIX specification of mkstemp() does not say anything about file modes, so the application should make sure its file mode creation mask (see umask(2)) is set appropriately before calling mkstemp() (and mkostemp()).
The prototype for mktemp() is in <unistd.h> for libc4, libc5, glibc1; glibc2 follows POSIX.1 and has the prototype in <stdlib.h>.