FREXP

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 2017-09-15
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

frexp, frexpf, frexpl - convert floating-point number to fractional and integral components  

SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

double frexp(double x, int *exp);
float frexpf(float x, int *exp);
long double frexpl(long double x, int *exp);

Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

frexpf(), frexpl():

_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
    || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
    || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
 

DESCRIPTION

These functions are used to split the number x into a normalized fraction and an exponent which is stored in exp.  

RETURN VALUE

These functions return the normalized fraction. If the argument x is not zero, the normalized fraction is x times a power of two, and its absolute value is always in the range 1/2 (inclusive) to 1 (exclusive), that is, [0.5,1).

If x is zero, then the normalized fraction is zero and zero is stored in exp.

If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned, and the value of *exp is unspecified.

If x is positive infinity (negative infinity), positive infinity (negative infinity) is returned, and the value of *exp is unspecified.  

ERRORS

No errors occur.  

ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
InterfaceAttributeValue
frexp(), frexpf(), frexpl() Thread safetyMT-Safe
 

CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.  

EXAMPLE

The program below produces results such as the following:

$ ./a.out 2560 frexp(2560, &e) = 0.625: 0.625 * 2^12 = 2560 $ ./a.out -4 frexp(-4, &e) = -0.5: -0.5 * 2^3 = -4  

Program source

#include <math.h> #include <float.h> #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h>

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
    double x, r;
    int exp;


    x = strtod(argv[1], NULL);
    r = frexp(x, &exp);


    printf("frexp(%g, &e) = %g: %g * %d^%d = %g\n",
           x, r, r, FLT_RADIX, exp, x);
    exit(EXIT_SUCCESS); }  

SEE ALSO

ldexp(3), modf(3)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 4.15 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
ATTRIBUTES
CONFORMING TO
EXAMPLE
Program source
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

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Time: 23:05:06 GMT, September 25, 2018